Physiologic Based Dentistry is an approach to dental treatment that focuses on the correction of jaw misalignment. The primary element which sets neuromuscular dentistry apart from traditional dentistry is that neuromuscular dentistry considers the nerves and muscles and the correct positioning of the jaws, whereas traditional dentistry focuses on just the teeth and joints.
The result is a more complete approach which can resolve painful conditions such as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ) and provide more comfortable and longer lasting solutions to other dental needs such as dentures and smile makeovers.
Your teeth, joints, muscles, and nerves all work together in the proper alignment and functioning of the jaw. When any part of this equation is overlooked painful conditions such as TMJ and serious dental problems can develop. Neuromuscular dentistry utilizes modern technology to precisely determine the proper positioning of the jaw.
Neuromuscular dentistry is an approach to dental treatment that focuses on the correction of jaw misalignment. Neuromuscular dentists determine the optimal position of the jaw in order to correct misalignment and adjust how the upper and lower teeth come together (occlusion). By realigning the jaw joint through the use of cosmetic dental restorations, tooth recontouring (equilibration) or orthodontics , neuromuscular dentists strive to alleviate stress from the jaw muscles and eliminate painful symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ or TMD).
Beginning of Neuromuscular Theory
Neuromuscular dentistry was introduced in the late 1960s/early 1970s by Dr. Bernard Jenkelson, who examined the relationship of the upper and lower jaws. However, he did not limit his examination to the teeth, but also investigated the relationship among the muscles, nerves, bones and two temporomandibular joints (TMJs).
With the assistance of his son, Dr. Bob Jenkelson, he developed equipment to locate the ideal position of the lower jaw, which was determined to be where the jaw muscles are most comfortable. According to Dr. Jenkelson and neuromuscular theory, when the teeth, jaw muscles and TMJs are not aligned, TMD symptoms occur.